PhD defence of Yoan Boussès

22 April 2021

Yoan Boussès defends his PhD in Numerical Mechanics and Materials on May 5th, 2021

Prediction and modeling of mechanical properties of dental composites – experimental, theoretical and numerical approach

Yoan Boussès conducted his PhD work in CSM team, under the supervision of Yannick Tillier, CEMEF and Nathalie Brulat, Associate Researcher, Unviersity Côte d'Azur, Dental Chirurgy Faculty. The project was financed in the framework of the ANR Toothbox Project by ARMINES. He defends his PhD in Numerical Mechanics and Materials on May 5, 2021 in front of the following juy:

  • Pr. Brigitte GROSGOGEAT (Univ. Lyon 1 LMI-Univ. Claude Bernard, Villeurbanne) : rapporteur
  • Pr. Daniel RITTEL (Inst. de Technologie d'Israël, Haifa, Israël) : rapporteur
  • Pr. Pierre COLON (Université de Paris, Paris) : examinateur
  • Pr. Piere-Olivier BOUCHARD (MINES ParisTech-CEMEF, Sophia Antipolis) : examinateur


As tooth decays are the most widespread pathologies, dental restoration is a global public health problem. Manufacturers of dental composite resins must therefore offer increasingly high performance and lasting materials while meeting health recommendations. The development process is costly but could be improved by a better understanding of their mechanical behaviour and the development of theoretical and numerical predictive models for their properties.

In this work, an experimental material is tested before and after accelerated ageing protocols (thermocycling). A detailed experimental protocol has been established so that the results are reproducible and comparable between them. Predictive models of the yield stress and the elastic modulus, initially proposed for other applicaions, are compared with experimental results and then adapted to the specificities of dental composites, with high filler ratios. The use of a numerical model of a composite material also makes it possible to enrich the experimental database by playing for instance on the modulus of the components, without having to produce the materials. Despite some limits of the innovative approach, the comparison of experimental, theorical and numerical results gives promising outlooks. They allow to predict essential characteristics of composites in an easier way and to make direct connections between macroscopic and microscopic properties. Finally the understanding of the ageing mechanisms was improved.

Keywords: Mechanical characterization of dental composites, Thermocycling, Interfaces, Numerical modelling, Elastic properties

MEB pictures of the two fracture surfaces of a broken composite sample. Broken particles are highlighted in red and debonded particles in green and blue.


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